Get the bus and talk more!
Claire Haigh, Chief Executive Greener Journeys
That the UK is suffering from a loneliness epidemic is beyond doubt. Two thirds of us admit to at least sometimes feeling lonely[i], and more than nine million adults in the UK are always or often lonely[ii]. 13% of people in the UK feel lonely every day[iii].
The health risks are well documented. Loneliness is as bad for your health as smoking fifteen cigarettes a day, carries greater health risks than obesity,[iv] and increases risk of mortality by 29%[v]. Lonely people are more likely to suffer from depression, dementia, diabetes, heart conditions and strokes[vi].
Reduced opportunities for face to face contact with others are a major part of the problem. People are finding that a network of digital connections are no replacement for real human interaction. At the same time, they may be losing the skills or opportunity to forge those contacts.
Of those who feel lonely, almost a third say this is because they have no one to talk to at home[vii]. No age group is immune, and young people are particularly hard hit. Three quarters of young people admit to being affected by loneliness, compared to half of those aged over 55[viii]. That loneliness is particularly acute among younger people may partly result from increased time spent online.[ix]
The experience of using public transport provides opportunities to connect with others. A third of people in the UK have deliberately got the bus to have some human contact[x]. For some people the bus driver might be the only person they speak to on a day when they don’t speak to anyone close to them.
Over one in 10 people admit to having spoken to a stranger in the past month because they’ve had no one to speak to, and a fifth of these have spoken to a stranger on a bus in the past month[xi]. Bus travel strengthens the fabric of society. Two thirds of bus users say that bus creates strong community ties, and 8 out of 10 know someone who completely depends on the bus[xii].
However, despite these benefits, speaking to strangers on public transport is still the exception not the norm. Although connecting with others increases happiness, strangers routinely ignore each other[xiii]. People on public transport “mistakenly seek solitude”, largely because they “misread others’ silence as disinterest”. The requirements of appropriate social behaviour are that passengers are discouraged from talking to each other[xiv]; and should avoid sitting next to someone else if other seats are available.[xv]
It seems that the biggest culprit in our loneliness epidemic is social norm. What’s the solution?
Greener Journeys has made tackling loneliness and connecting with others on public transport the theme for Catch the Bus Week (1st – 7th July 2019). In preparation for the week, we conducted trial in partnership with mental health charity Relate, which saw designated listeners travel aboard buses in London to encourage bus passengers to talk to each other. You can find a video of the trial here.
Travel is the single most important activity that brings total strangers into close contact with each other. Public transport has a vital role to play in breaking down unhealthy social norms and providing opportunities for us to connect with each other. We need to get the bus and talk more!
Read the full article here.
[i] ComRes Survey for Greener Journeys October 2018
[ii] Trapped in a Bubble: An investigation into triggers for loneliness in the UK, Kantar Public December 2016, report commissioned by British Red Cross and Co-op
[iii] ComRes Survey for Greener Journeys June 2019
[iv] Social Relationships and Mortality Risk: A Meta-analytic Review, Julianne Holt-Lunstad, 2010
[v] Loneliness and Social Isolation as Risk Factors for Mortality: A Meta-Analytic Review, Julianne Holt-Lunstad 2015
[vii] ComRes Survey for Greener Journeys June 2019
[viii] ComRes Survey for Greener Journeys June 2019
[ix] Digital addiction: Increased loneliness, anxiety, and depression. NeuroRegulation, 5(1), 3. Peper, E., & Harvey, R. (2018)
[x] ComRes Survey for Greener Journeys October 2018
[xi] ComRes Survey for Greener Journeys June 2019
[xii] Research by MindLab at the University of Sussex for Greener Journeys 2015
[xiv] On Maintaining social norms: A field experiment in the subway, S. Milgram and J. Sabini, 1978
[xv] Nonsocial Transient Behavior: Social Disengagement on the Greyhound Bus, Esther C. Kim. 2012
About the Author
This post was written by Claire Haigh. Claire is the Executive Director of The Transport Knowledge Hub